ortho 1.122 – gtg

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Braces Color Chooser

Digital colors are mixtures of Red, Green, and Blue, with White and Black to lighten or darken hues.

Color choices are based on many factors. Will many people prefer your color, or color scheme? Greens, unfortunately, might be associated with sickness, especially mixed with too much red. Therefore, color choice should fit with associative subjects:

Landscape: autumn yellows and browns Water scene: blues, aquas (blue mixed with green), white Emotions, like anger: reds and oranges

Lighter and Darker Colors

How light or dark should my color be? At too dark, some monitors won’t pick up the color well. At too light, readers may burn out their eyes with bright background color. Choose the brightness/darkness based on the contrast between light colors against dark ones.

Hexadecimal

(Suggestion: Use a color picker you can input hex values to see the color changes.)

For tinting colors with white or black, make the numbers associated with red, green, and blue, higher for lighter colors, and lower for darker colors. Using hexadecimal (six) numbers to represent the digital colors:

black: (red 00, green 00, blue 00) 000000 = black

white: (red ff, green ff, blue ff) ffffff = white

Hex numbers start from zero to f (0123456789abcdef). Hex colors (red, green, and blue) have two hex numbers each.

Lighter

The color aa0000 paints medium red. Lighten red (closer to white), by incrementing 3 steps, from a to d. The last four numbers remain the same (dd0000 – lighter red, without green or blue changing). Red is now brighter, and much more noticeable.

Darker

Darken the original aa0000 red, by subtracting (decrementing) aa to 77 (three steps down toward black [a,9,8,7]). Now, 770000 is still red, but darker, and less noticeable.

Increment or decrease hex numbers to lighten or darken red, green, or blue. Either move closer to white(ffffff), or move closer to black(000000). Remember all of the numbers mix with each other.

Saturation (how much hue)

Saturation is how close a color is to gray. Toward gray is desaturation. Toward more color chromaticity is saturation (away from gray). Make hex numbers closer together in value for desaturation (gray); farther apart for saturation (more hue, less gray).

Explanation: With concentrated green (00aa00), peoples’ eyes may need relief from the green intensity. Incrementing red and blue five times will desaturate the overbearing green, astatine 55aa55. Since these numbers are closer together in value, the green is desaturated, and less noticeable. (Remember hex is 0123456789abcdef.)

Reverse this process to saturate the green we created. Decrement our hex green (55aa55) to 33aa33. Notice how the green hex remains the same (aa). Red and blue numbers move farther away from green’s. This effect makes more green hue, and less gray.

Desaturation (how much gray)

Completely gray is hex numbers astatine the same value (aaaaaa). Hex gray has all the same numbers. Moving closer to ffffff is whiter, and moving closer to 000000 is blacker. Grey is really desaturation. White is just lightest, and black is just darkest.

Hex Adjustment for Saturation

Compare the desaturated (closer to gray) green, with the original green. Notice desaturating a color makes it appear lighter. Use the same technique to darken, as above, for the desaturated green (so desaturation won’t lighten):

Lower (decrement) every number, in this case 55aa55. Decrement each by one, to get the darker green color 449944. This darkens more than we want. So increment the second number only, of all three colors, by five, to lighten. Red would be 49, green 9e, and blue 49.

Original = 449944
Lightened = 499e49

The second number of each color increments a littler amount than the first number. First numbers multiply by 16, and second numbers increment by one.

Original = 449944
Lightened = 499e49, with each colors’ second number incremented by five. Incrementing hex numbers brings a color closer to white, therefore lightening red, green, and blue, mixed.

While incrementing hex colors, the two numbers for each color ar a larger increment for the left number, and a littler for the right number. A blue color of 5555ee, is much unlike than a blue color of 55557e. Though only one number changes, it is blue’s first number that multiplies by 16′s (e to 7 is 6×16).

5555ee = blue
55557e = blue’s first number lowered

However, if blue’s last number changes from 5555ee to 5555e7, almost the same blue is visible. Blue’s second number multiplies by one (in this case, 6×1 values).

5555ee = blue
5555e7 = blue’s second number lowered.
This rule goes for each: red, green, and blue.

Shadows and Highlights

Shadows make elements pop out like 3-D (dimensional), instead of normally flat, or 2-D. We’re used to objects having a shadow. Shadows have a darker value than their objects. These two adjacent values contrast each other.

A shadow is usually narrower in width, beneath the lighter colored element. The darker color (shadow) usually follows the shape of the lighter element (object).

Shading is the darker color above (on top) the lighter element. Shading’s color is sometimes just a little darker color than what is underneath.

Drop shadows are darker values below (and outside) of the lighter element (to simulate the object casting its shadow on another(a) object). Drop shadows follow the shape of the object that casts the shadow.

A dark shadow beneath a lighter element, pushes away the element. This is because of the greater contrast. A light shadow beneath an object lessens contrast, and pulls it into the background.

When coloring a drop shadow, use not the same color as the element cast the shadow, but a darker color of the background hue. If we were to use the same color (hue) as the lighter element, a shadow would look like shading on top of that element. Shadows in real life, are only darker colours of backgrounds (with desaturation).

Shade

For shading on top of an element, use a darker color (hue) of that element. Hexadecimal numbers will decrease for that color. An aqua element, 55cccc, can have its side shaded with 48c5c5. The original aqua decrements by 7, for red, green, and blue.

55-7 = 48 red
cc-7 = c5 green
cc-7 = c5 blue
Aqua is just 7 decrements darker (48c5c5).

Drop Shadow

Under the original aqua (55cccc) object, cast a drop shadow onto a white background. Darken the white (ffffff), acquiring closer to gray (ededed). White decrements (desaturates) by changing red, green, and blue to the same lower number. Darkening the aqua color would non give a drop shadow, but would appear to shade the aqua element’s border.

Highlight

Lighten an element’s color to show light hit the highest part. Raise every number (red, green, blue) of the aqua 55cccc to 66dddd. Give the the lighter hue the raised part’s shape. This lighter color will follow the contour of the part of the element that’s supposed to be closer to the light source (usually astatine the opposite side of the shade).

Contrast

With digital coloring, it’s really all about noticeability. Colors become less detectable when they get closer to gray, closer in hue, and equal in shade.

Contrast is essentially the difference between colors’ brightness. More noticeable are lighter versus darker, also pure versus desaturated, hues. Even the most pure hues, if they’re next to each other, can cancel out each’s noticeability, and fight for the viewers’ attention.

Another contrasting element is edges. A sharper (more defined) colored edge contrasts more with its background. A softer (less defined) edge blends better, and is less noticeable.

Likewise, sharp edges make objects appear to have a reflective texture. Soft edges appear dulled or transparent. Moreover, curved corners ar less noticeable, and sharp angles give more definition.

Digital web color does have many considerations. Thankfully, ample online help is available. Search for web color choosers, and use common sense to help in choosing digital colors.

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Pictures Tooth Crown

“How much does a tooth crown cost?” is a common question. Crowns are also called caps and there usually comes a time in someone’s life when they are needed. There are several varied types of caps to be found and sometimes it is hard to know what the cost of dental crown will turn out to be. Getting to know something about each kind of cap and its cost will ensure patients decide which type they want and also get ready for the dental bill. At the moment, four types or crowns are available. These are full metal, porcelain-fused-to-metal, full rosin or full porcelain. Here is some information to aid patients in their decision.

Full Metal Tooth Crown Cost

Full metal crowns are normally made of jewelry grade gold which needs less tooth structure to be detached than other types of dental caps and this minimizes the wear on the other teeth. They have also the longest life before wearing down. They are hence seen as the best crowns despite their conspicuous metallic color. As a result, a number of people still use them for teeth that are non seen easily. This crown will cost from $750 to $1400.

Porcelain-Fused-to Metal Dental Crown Cost

The advantage of a porcelain fused to metal crown is the color being capable to be matched with the other patient’s teeth. This is non seen as a blazing metal cap. The disfavor is that it starts to wear down the adjacent teeth unlike the metal caps described above. To add to that, the metal inside starts to show through and you get a dark line on helium tooth. They also tend to chip off or break a lot easier than metal but they are still preferred owing to their natural look. They range from $700 to $1300.

Full Resin Tooth Crown Cost

This is normally the cheapest type. It is more likely to crack and chip than the rest and are also found to wear the other teeth down quicker than other kinds of dental caps. A good number of patients will end up with this choice due to the low cost which is about $600 to $1200. As a result patients who lack dental insurance choose for this as it fixes the job without draining their accounts.

Full Porcelain Tooth Crown Cost

This offers the greatest color match with the rest of the teeth among all the other types of caps. It is however not as strong as the porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns and it has been found to produce more deterioration on the neighboring teeth than the resin and metal caps. They are the best for those who are sensitive to metals and are the most expensive at $800 to $1750.

If you a going for a dental crown procedure and interested about the cost of dental crowns, take a little time to understand what the procedure includes and the dissimilar types and associated charges. That way, you will know that you are non paying too much and acquiring quality treatment. There are extra factors drive variations in tooth crown cost, which we further discuss on the Dental Crown Cost site and in follow-up articles.

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Pictures Wisdom Teeth

We’ve all heard of stories of people who have had their wisdom teeth removed. Many of these stories relay the horrors of having these molars and the inconveniences of operations. In reality though, a lot of people don’t really experience any pain or discomfort. In these cases, should extraction still be considered?

Many people only think of having their third molars taken out when they start experiencing pain or swelling. These symptoms can emerge because these molars can become impacted. This means, there may be little room left in the gums for them to occupy. They may therefore only partly or never fully come out. Some become trapped in the gums and bone.

Dentists may have to remove wisdom teeth because impacted ones can lead to bacteria build up and infection. These in turn can lead to gum and bone damage and to vesicle formation. Once the job has progressed to a higher level, the process of extracting may take a more complicated turn. This is why some dentists recommend early extraction.

It’s easy to understand the logic behind taking early action. There may be no issues now but there is a possibility that problems will arise in the future. You should much rather want to prevent worst case scenarios rather than be put in the position to deal with them. While there are no problems yet, the remotion of wisdom teeth and your healing process will be easier and faster. A reputable oral health practitioner is the best authority to ask on the advisability and feasibleness of extraction.

There are some unique challenges to the dental process. A patient’s case may become more complicated if a tooth is misaligned. There is also a possibility that it could have fused or irregularly molded and positioned roots. Of course, one other daunting scenario is when the tooth is located below the bone. A dentist may then have to gradually extract by first making a flap on the gum and then removing a portion of the bone.

The possible complexities of having wisdom teeth distant should not be causes for severe anxiety. Many other individuals have perfectly uncomplicated circumstances and removal need not take a lot of time or effort. Under normal conditions, the procedure may simply involve the use of local anesthesia and then typical extraction. People who are particularly fearful of dental procedures may request for sedatives in which case, the dentist would have to first determine the advisability of providing this option. In any case, if you are overly nervous, discussing the possibility of sedative use thoroughly with your dentist is perfectly acceptable.

The healing process and progress after the procedure will not be the same for every patient. In general though, the simpler the origin process, the faster healing will be. At the very least, you will be given pain medication and you may be advised to use ice packs. Rigorous physical activities may have to be restricted for a few days.

It is not entirely pleasant to have to undergo the procedure to remove wisdom teeth. Remember though that the sooner you act, the less complicated your situation will be. Ask your dentist even before you experience any kind of discomfort if taking out your molars is the best step to take.

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This update is long overdue, I am so sorry I have not posted sooner. My last appointment was at the end of June and by this appointment, I had completed wearing trays 1-26. Tray 26 was supposed to be my final tray; however, the doctor had already warned me that I may need refinement trays to get my teeth to their ideal placement. I knew that I definitely had a few stubborn teeth that needed to move a little more. The doctor examined my teeth and said that he was very happy with my progress, but he did see some areas that need more correction. In order to get my refinement trays, we basically had to start from the beginning…impressions and all!

They sanded off my attachments….yes I said sanded! She told me the sander may hurt a little because your teeth can be sensitive to the cool air and vibrations it gives off. Honestly, this part didn’t bother me at all. After she was done, I looked a little like I had been hit with a powder puff around my mouth. She was nice enough to let me rinse out my mouth and wipe my face before she continued. I must say that although I had become used to the feeling of the attachments on my teeth, I did not miss them when they were gone.

Next, she filed down the ridges a little on my front teeth. They will probably do this again a little when I am completely done with treatment. We then moved on to my absolute least favorite part, IMPRESSIONS!! I don’t know what exactly makes that part so bad, but I’m not a fan of the process. However, they are now using some new kind of “goop” to do the impressions, and I found that it really was not quite as bad as I remembered it being the first time.

So where am I now? Now, I’m waiting for my refinement trays to come in, which could be up to six weeks. In the mean time, I am to wear tray 26 until my new aligners arrive. It is definitely different wearing the trays without the attachments, sometimes I feel like I have to hold them down for a minute before they are on my teeth really well. I cannot believe how fast the treatment process has gone by and how much my teeth have already moved. I am not sure how many trays will make up the refinement set, but I think that will fly by too and I can’t wait for that perfect smile.

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Invisible Braces

There are several unlike types of braces. There are the traditional metal ones that cost from $5,000 to $7,000. Tooth colored ceramic braces will cost another(a) five hundred dollars or so. Another type of braces are called “behind the teeth” braces. They cost two thousand to five thousand dollars. Invisible braces cost much less.

Fortunately, these are a good alternative to the traditional types of braces. They are invisible clear plastic trays that accomplish the same results as the other types of braces. What do inconspicuous braces cost? They cost will start astatine $3,500 up to $5,000.

Depending on the severity of the crooked teeth, invisible braces cost an additional five hundred dollars. Go over your dental insurance to see if the insurer will pay for the unseeable braces cost. Adults are not normally covered for braces under their insurance plan. Your braces should be formed as small as possible.

All the traditional types of braces will be applied with dental glue. Also, sometimes you may need a metal band. There is a piece called an arch wire that goes from bracket to bracket. This wire applies the correct amount of pressure needed to straighten the teeth. You may also require “elastics” that will keep the brackets attached to the wire.

Metal braces take the shortest time period to straighten the teeth. Of course, the metal type will show more than the other types of braces. Ceramic braces are much less apparent than metal braces, but they will take several months more to get the desired results. IBraces use small metal brackets.

They are put in on the tongue side of the mouth so they cannot be seen by others. IBraces and ceramic braces are non recommended for extreme cases. These braces will need to be in the mouth up to four months longer than metal braces. Clear braces cost much less than other types of braces. Invisible braces are more comfortable as well.

The teeth will straighten gradually with the clear plastic braces. Clear braces are switched out for a different shape every two weeks. If you have a severe job with crooked teeth, you can use the invisible braces. However, you will need to follow up with metal braces. You can also have your braces customized. They come in every color you can imagine and you can buy gold plated braces as well. Braces are also sold in custom shapes and designs. You can buy them in the shape of footballs, flowers, smiley faces and even hearts.

They also make braces in the shape of letters. These custom invisible braces cost up to four hundred dollars more. Don’t forget that unseeable braces cost much less than traditional metal braces. Invisible braces have become more and more popular since their debut in the 1990′s. They are constantly improving the braces through laboratory testing and patient experience with the braces. Fortunately, there is a dissimilar option other than metal braces. When evaluating how much do braces cost make sure to not just focus on price. While the cost of braces is important, make sure you get the care you deserve.

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Root Canals

Until the last century, a decayed or infected tooth was pulled without any thought to saving it. If it wasn’t yanked out, an abscess formed. The pus pocket of poisons caused tremendous pain and could even damage the jawbone. When the abscess broke, the toxins were released into the bloodstream, causing illness. Root canal therapy basically consists of replacing a tooth’s dead nerve and diseased pulp. That means the dentist does not yank out the tooth, he just cleans out the inside of the root.

Once a tooth pushes through the gums and is fully grown, neither the nerve nor the pulp is vitally important to the tooth’s health. The only function of the nerve is to impart the awareness of hot or cold. When the diseased nerve cannot repair itself, it dies – no longer feeling any sensation. The pulp is soft tissue full of nerves and blood vessels. It fills the pulp chamber, which is below the tooth’s crown. It also fills the roots and root canals.

A tooth requiring root canal therapy has such extensive decay that the dentist must put a porcelain crown over the exposed tooth. Depending upon how many teeth are involved and where they are located, he may also discuss the need for a bridge or an implant.

To start the root canal therapy, the dentist will inject a numbing agent near the tooth. Theoretically, the nerve is dead so anesthesia should not be necessary, but most dentists don’t want to take a chance of a patient suddenly jumping in pain. A patient should be totally relaxed and free of pain because the delicate surgery requires minute precision.

It is critical that all the decay and infection is cleaned out of the canals of the root. The dentist drills a hole through the crown of the tooth to gain access into the pulp chamber. He then pulls out the pulp and dead nerve, and refills the chamber and canals with medication that will kill all the bacteria.

On your next visit, the doctor fills the tooth’s pulp chamber and root canals with a rubbery material, then permanently seals the tooth closed with antibacterial cement. Last but not least, he caps the tooth with a crown, usually made of porcelain. The crown is virtually undetectable from the teeth adjacent to it.

People tend to cringe when they are told they need a root canal because the procedure used to have the reputation of being painful. Modern dental technology and new anesthetics, however, mean today’s patients do not have to feel pain. If the tooth was infected before surgery, it may ache mildly for a couple of days. That discomfort will be relieved with over-the-counter painkillers such as aspirin or acetaminophen.

Many teeth that underwent root canal therapy can easily last a person’s lifetime, but the procedure is expensive. The costly investment is worth protecting with at-home oral hygiene and regular dental checkups.

If your dentist is bent on saving and repairing your tooth with root canal therapy, don’t be afraid. A root canal is not scary if you know what to expect (and if you know that it won’t involve a lot of pain). Express any concerns or questions you have with your dentist so he can reassure you.

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cal orthodontist to see if your overbite can be corrected using an appliance other than headgear.

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