ortho- 3/26/2020 – gtg

Anything the orthodontist attaches to your teeth to move your teeth or to change the shape of your jaw

Arch Wire
A metal wire which is attached to your brackets to move your teeth

A metal ring which is placed on your teeth to anchor parts of your braces

A metal or ceramic part that is glued onto a tooth and serves as a means of fastening the arch wire

A breakaway is a small plastic piece with an internal spring which is used to provide force on a facebow

Buccal tube
A small metal part that is welded on the outside of a molar bank. The buccal tube contains slots to hold archwires, lip bumpers, facebows and other things your orthodontist uses to move your teeth

Chain, Orthodontic Chain
A stretchable plastic chain used to hold archwires into brackets and to move teeth.

Facebow, Headgear
Facebows are wire apparatuses used to move your upper molars back in your mouth which creates room for crowded or protrusive anterior teeth. Generally, the facebow consists of two metal parts that have been attached together. The inner part is shaped like a horseshoe. This part goes in your mouth and is connected to your buccal tubes. The outer part has two curves. The curves go around your face and connect to the breakaways or high pull headgear. To properly use the product, the inner bow needs to be inserted into your buccal tubes. An elastic neck band is placed around the back of the neck while the triangular cast-offs on both sides of the neckband are attached to the outer bow of the headgear. Completing the apparatus is a plastic safety strap that is placed over the neckband and onto the outer bow of the headgear.

Ligating module
A small plastic piece, shaped like a donut, which is used to hold the archwires in the brackets on your teeth

Lip bumper
A lip bumper is used to push the molars on your lower jaw back to create more space for other teeth. The lip bumper consists of an archwire that is attached to a molded piece of plastic. You mount the archwire in the buccal tubes on your lower jaw, and the plastic piece rests against your lips. When you eat or talk, you push the plastic piece back which pushes on your molars. That pushes your molars back.

A device that is used to protect your mouth from injury when you are participating in sports. The use of a mouthguard is especially important for orthodontic patients, to prevent injuries.

Neck pad
A neck pad is a cloth-covered cushion that you wear around your neck when you put on your facebow. Generally, the breakaways are attached to the neck pad to provide force for the facebow.

Palatal Expander
A device used to make your jaw wider

A gadget that the orthodontist gives you to wear after the orthodontist removes your braces. The retainer attaches to your upper teeth and holds them in the correct position. You wear the retainer at night to make sure that none of your teeth move while your jaw hardens and your teeth get strongly attached to your jaw.

Safety Strap
A plastic strap which prevents a facebow from coming loose and hurting you

A plastic or metal part which the orthodontist uses to create space between your teeth for bands

A clear wax used to prevent your braces from irritating your lips when your braces are first put on

Band Remover
A special plier which the orthodontist uses to remove bands from your teeth

Bite Stick
A device the orthodontist uses to help put on your bands. The orthodontist puts the band in place, then asks you to bite down on the bite stick to help push the band in place

Cephalometric Viewer
An x-ray viewer

Cheek retractors
Small plastic pieces used to draw back your lips and cheeks so the orthodontist can more easily see your teeth and work in your mouth

Curing Light
A special UV light used to help attach brackets to your teeth

Distal End Cutter
A special plier used to cut off the ends of your archwires

A hook-like fine pointed instrument used in examining the teeth

Interproximal Stripper
A device used to remove some of the enamel from the spaces between your teeth. The stripper is used to create extra space for crowded teeth

Mathieu Plier
A special plier which locks when it closes so it holds on to small parts

Pin and Ligature Cutter
A special plier used to cut off archwires, ligatures, etc.

A tool with a curved hook on one end. The orthodontist uses the scaler to remove excess cement and check for gaps

Twirl On
A device used to help place ligating modules on brackets

Acid etch
A procedure where a weak acid is smeared on your teeth to ready your teeth for brackets. The acid etch helps your brackets stay on better

The process of cementing orthodontic bands to your teeth

The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using a special safe glue

Cephalometric X-rays
An x-ray of the head that shows whether your teeth are aligned properly, and whether they are growing properly.

The Consultation
A meeting with your orthodontist where he discusses your treatment plan

The removal of cemented orthodontic bands

The removal of the brackets from your teeth

Extraoral photograph
Facial photos

The first step in making a model of your teeth. You bite into a container filled with algenate, and the algenate hardens to produce a mold of your teeth

Interceptive Orthodontic Treatment
Orthodontic treatment usually done when you are 6-8. The objective of interceptive orthodontic treatment is to expand your palate and make other corrections, so that your later orthodontic treatment goes quicker and is less painful

A process where an archwire is attached to the brackets on your teeth

An adjective used to describe components used to attach archwires to brackets. For example a ligating module is a small plastic piece that goes over the brackets to hold in your archwires

Panoramic x-ray
An x-ray taken by a machine that rotates around your head to give the orthodontist a picture of your teeth, jaws and other important information

The records appointment
One of the initial appointments with your orthodontist. The orthodontist or his/her assistant takes pictures of you, x-rays, and impressions so that they can figure out what treatment needs to be done.

Tightening your braces
A process which occurs every 3-6 weeks when you have braces. You go into the orthodontist’s office and the orthodontist’s assistant either makes adjustments to the wires in your braces or changes the wires

Wax bite
A procedure to measure how well your teeth come together. You bite a sheet of wax and leave bitemark in the wax. The orthodontist looks at the bitemarks to see how well your teeth are aligned

Dental and orthodontic gadgets and materials not mentioned elsewhere

The shape of the dental arch. For example, the orthodontist could say that you have a horseshoe archform or a “v”-shaped archform.

Closed bite
A malocclusion where your upper teeth cover your lower teeth when you bite down. This is also called a “deep bite.”

A malocclusion where some of your upper teeth are inside of your lower teeth when you bite down

An orthodontic problem caused by having too many teeth in too small of a space

Crown angulation
A tooth movement in which the root of the tooth is tipped forward or backward to correct the angle of the crown

Crown inclination
A tooth movement in which the root of the tooth is tipped toward the cheeks (lips) or toward the lingual (palate) of the mouth

Excessive overbite; closed bite

The arrangement of the teeth

A space between two teeth

Unwanted movement of teeth

Tooth movement in the direction of eruption. Natural extrusion: teeth grow until there is contact with another tooth. Mechanical extrusion: to pull the teeth so that it extends farther out of your gums

Fixed appliance
Any orthodontic component that is cemented or bonded to the teeth

Flared teeth
A term used to indicate the position of the teeth. The upper teeth are flared lingually (toward the lip)

Full orthodontic treatment
Getting braces

The angle of the long axis of a tooth from a particular line of reference; the tilt or tip of a tooth

Interocclusal registration
A wax bite which is used to see how your teeth come together

Interproximal stripping
Reduction of the enamel of the teeth on both sides of the tooth. This procedure is performed to create space for crowded teeth

Movement of a tooth back into the bone

Lingual appliances
Orthodontic appliance fixed to the inside of your teeth. i.e. Lingual appliances are attached to the part of your teeth next to your tongue

Lingual arch
An orthodontic wire attached from molar to molar on the inside of your teeth. Lingual retainers are a variation of the lingual arch going from cuspids to cuspid

Poor positioning of your teeth

Class I Malocclusion
A Malocclusion where your bite is OK (your top teeth line up with your bottom teeth) but your teeth are crooked, crowded or turned

Class II Malocclusion
A Malocclusion where your upper teeth stick out past your lower teeth. This is also called an “overbite” or “buck teeth”

Class III Malocclusion
A Malocclusion where your lower teeth stick out past your upper teeth. This is also called an “underbite”

The alignment and spacing of your upper and lower teeth when you bite down

Proper Occlusion
A beautiful smile where all of your teeth are straight and your top teeth line up with your bottom teeth

Open bite
A malocclusion in which the teeth do not close or come together in the front of your mouth

The treatment performed to correct your bite and make your smile look wonderful

A dentist who has been specially trained to do orthodontics

Orthodontia Braces Overbite
Vertical overlapping of the upper teeth over the lower

Horizontal projection of upper teeth beyond the lower

A term used when your front teeth are slanted lingually (i.e. toward the back of your mouth)

A movement in which the tooth turned along the long axis of the tooth

The curve of spee is the curvature of the occlusal plane of the teeth

A bend or auxiliary attachment placed on a wire to limit the archwire from sliding or moving in the bracket slot of the bracket

A tooth movement in which the root of the tooth is tipped labially (lip) or lingually (tongue) to correct the angle of the crown of the tooth

The rotation of a tooth on the long axis moving the root of the tooth in a buccal or labial direction

Tracing (cephalometric)
An overlay drawing traced over a cephalometric x-ray that shows specific structures and landmarks that provide a basis for orthodontic therapy

The act of drawing or pulling the teeth

A tooth movement in which the entire tooth moves forward or backward without tipping or rotating

A plastic model of a typical mouth, showing the alignment of teeth. A typodont is used to teach orthodontic procedures


There is no charge for your initial consultation. This is an opportunity for you to meet the members of our practice and get questions answered. The doctor will also have the opportunity to do an examination and give you some recommendations about treatment.
Possible outcomes of the initial exam are:

1. The patient is not ready or may not need treatment and is placed on recall to be seen at a later date.

2. The orthodontic treatment will be of a limited nature at this time and appointments can be scheduled for construction and fitting of the appliance(s).

3. If the problem appears to warrant comprehensive orthodontic therapy, a full set of diagnostic records will be needed. These may be taken at this time or they may be scheduled for a later time. After review of the records, a ‘report’ appointment will be set up. At this appointment, a complete diagnosis, outline of the proposed treatment, and estimated fees will be presented.


Endodontics (root canal)

When you visit our practice, your smile and comfort is our top priority. Our entire team is dedicated to providing you with personalized, gentle care in Endodontic treatment, known as root canal therapy.

In the past, if you had a tooth with a diseased nerve, you’d probably lose that tooth. Today, with a special dental procedure called a root canal treatment, your tooth can be saved. A root canal is one of the most common dental procedures with millions of treatments performed every year. This simple treatment can prevent the need for dental implants or a bridge. Best of all, it can save your tooth and your smile! Having a root canal done on a tooth is the treatment of choice to save a tooth that would otherwise have to be removed. Some patients believe that removing a tooth that has problems is the solution, but what is not realized is that removing a tooth can ultimately be more costly and cause significant problems for adjacent teeth.

Part of our commitment to serving our patients includes providing information that helps them to make more informed decisions about root canal therapy. By choosing an Endodontic treatment, you are choosing to keep your natural teeth as a healthy foundation for years to come. Building trust by treating each patient as a special individual is fundamental to our success. We understand how uneasy some patients may feel about their dental visits, and how we can make a difference in providing a relaxing and positive experience.

Root canal treatments are highly successful and usually last a lifetime.
At the center of your tooth is pulp. Infection of the pulp can be caused by trauma to the tooth, deep decay, cracks, and chips, or repeated dental procedures. Symptoms of infection might include visible injury or swelling of the tooth area, sensitivity to temperature, or pain in the tooth and gums.

If you experience any of these symptoms, we may recommend a non-surgical treatment to eliminate the diseased pulp. This injured pulp is removed and the root canal system is thoroughly cleaned and sealed. This therapy may be completed in one or more visits depending on the treatment required.

One-Day Endodontic Services – It is now possible to have your root canal procedure done in ONLY ONE APPOINTMENT! Because the comfort of our patients is always of first concern, we utilize the latest in advanced dentistry techniques and equipment that will help make procedures quick, effective, and as comfortable as possible.

Final Restoration
Placing a suitable final restoration is almost as important as the root canal treatment itself. A good way to ensure against future problems is to crown the tooth. A root canal treatment without a crown is not complete and could cause further damage and possible loss of the tooth.

Keeping your teeth healthy from the inside out is vital. Our practice can help restore and retain even the most badly damaged tooth. We offer patients affordable and convenient payment plans including in-house payments, for all of our services. Call us today for a consultation.









Mathematics and science help make sense of this world. Probabilities and statistics are a big part of quantifying important things so that someone can make easy-to-read pie charts and bar graphs in order to help simple people understand simple things. Some people aren’t very strong conceptual thinkers, and that’s okay because if everyone was, then I wouldn’t feel very special, and I personally really like feeling special. It’s feeling special that makes me feel confident in my abilities, which in turn allows me to accomplish things that I wouldn’t be able to or want to if I felt like I was like everyone else. We’re all unique individuals with our own set of talents and skills, and just like everyone one of our fingerprints are our own, so are our smiles and our bites. I’m serious, our teeth are often the only identifying physical features still left in certain grisly scenarios where there’s nothing left of our bodies, and a forensic dentist is able to use them in order to determine the identity of the victim or subject. So, without getting into forensic science, I just want to make it a point to explain how important all of our individual smiles are with regard to expressing our unique personalities, in a physical sense.

We all need to feel special if we want to have healthy self-esteem and as long as we don’t feel overly special, we’re where we need to be on that spectrum. So, if self-esteem, feeling special, being confident, and our teeth are all interconnected, then wouldn’t you agree that one feeling good about their smile is an important piece of the ‘feeling special’ puzzle? Sure, you can be special and look like Steve Buscemi, or you can feel special and look like John Stamos. Yeah, go ahead and make your choice on that one and extrapolate how things go for most people on the Steve Buscemi end of the smile spectrum who aren’t lucky enough to have made it in Hollywood. Some of the best orthodontists in the world reside in the Los Angeles area and why wouldn’t they? That’s where the money and the best-looking, most perception-concerned people in the entire world are located. So, if LA is at the center of the beauty and the perception-based world, where do you think the rest of the US falls on that spectrum in a global sense? Well, if it’s hard for you to put that into conceptual terms, try drawing a pie chart to help you make sense of it, so you can come to the conclusion that people in the US care more about their appearances than just about anyone else on the planet. So, if this is the place that you live, you’re playing a game where your smile matters as much or more than anything else regarding your appearance, and it doesn’t matter if you feel like you signed up for it or not. You can decide to stay on the bench, but you’re still in the same arena that everyone else is, it’s just a matter of whether you’re going to feel good about yourself when the camera finds you and you show up on the Jumbotron. So, even though there may be a whole lot of superficial people in Hollywood, some of them are actually pretty down-to-earth people, and they’re not the only ones who care about their teeth and got teeth braces at some point in their lives.

You could be fat, skinny, tall, short, smelly, ugly, or beautiful, but if you’ve had work performed to straighten your teeth, then you are much better off than you would be otherwise. You are far better capable of making a good first impression on those you come across in life if you’ve got an impeccable smile that you don’t have to feel self-conscious about when flashing it at anyone who looks your way. There are a lot of people in this world who are scared little cowards on the inside, but they are able to be successful and get what they want in this life because they’re able to produce an air of confidence by being comfortable with their smiles. This life is a game, and if you don’t see it that way then it means that you’re most likely losing and you need to get off the bench and try to make a play. If you didn’t have the privilege of having braces when you were a kid, then it’s time to get some advice from your coach about what you need to do to get some playing time. If you ask, there are all kinds of advice he can provide you with that will get your grill to a place where you feel comfortable smiling ear-to-ear when that camera finds you and your mug is displayed four-stories tall on the Jumbotron of life.